On this page:
- About the approval process
- Pre-approval steps to be taken by employers
- When is a vote successful?
- Unlawful content
- Applying to the Fair Work Commission for approval
- What the Fair Work Commission considers
- Better off overall test
- Approval of an enterprise agreement with undertakings
About the approval process
Once bargaining is complete and a draft agreement has been made certain steps must be taken to ensure the agreement is valid.
Pre-approval steps to be taken by employers
The employer must ensure that:
- the terms of the agreement, and the effect of those terms, are explained to the employees
- the explanation is provided in an appropriate manner (e.g. appropriate for young employees or employees from culturally diverse backgrounds).
Employees must endorse the agreement by voting for it. A vote must not occur until at least 21 days after the day on which employees were given notice of their representational rights (see the Bargaining & workplace determinations page).
During the 7 day period before voting for the agreement, the employer must ensure employees are given a copy of:
- the agreement
- any other material incorporated by reference in the agreement.
The employer must also notify employees of:
- the time and place at which the vote will occur
- the voting method that will be used.
When is a vote successful?
The agreement is made when:
- Single-enterprise agreement that is not a greenfields agreement—a majority of the employees of the employer, or each employer, who cast a valid vote endorse the agreement.
- Multi-enterprise agreement that is not a greenfields agreement—a majority of the employees of at least one of the employers, who cast a valid vote endorse the agreement. If the agreement was not approved by the employees of all of the employers, then the agreement must be varied so it is only expressed to cover each employer whose employees approved the agreement, and the employees of each of those employers.
- Greenfields agreement—it has been signed by each employer and each relevant employee organisation that the agreement covers (which need not be all of the relevant employee organisations for the agreement).
Agreements should not include any unlawful content. This includes:
- a discriminatory term
- an objectionable term
- a term that would enable an employee or employer to 'opt out' of coverage of the agreement
- a term that confers an entitlement or remedy in relation to unfair dismissal before the employee has completed the minimum employment period
- a term that excludes, or modifies, the application of unfair dismissal provisions in a way that is detrimental to, or in relation to, a person
- a term that is inconsistent with the industrial action provisions
- a term that provides for an entitlement to right of entry that is not in accordance with Part 3-4 of the Fair Work Act 2009, or
- a term that provides for the exercise of a State or Territory OHS right other than in accordance with Part 3-4 (which deals with right of entry).
New unlawful content from 1 January 2014
Agreements approved by the Commission on or after 1 January 2014 cannot include a term that requires superannuation contributions for default fund employees to be made to a superannuation fund, unless that fund:
- offers a MySuper product
- is an exempt public sector scheme, or
- is a fund of which a relevant employee is a defined benefit member.
Note: this requirement applies to all agreements approved on or after 1 January 2014, including those lodged before 1 January 2014.
Applying to the Fair Work Commission for approval
Once an enterprise agreement is made, a bargaining representative for the agreement must apply to the Fair Work Commission (the Commission) for approval of the agreement using Form F16—Application for approval of enterprise agreement .
The application must be lodged with the Commission within 14 days of the agreement being made or within such further period as the Commission allows.
The application must be accompanied aby:
- a signed copy of the agreement
- any declarations that are required by the Fair Work Australia Rules 2010 or regulations to accompany the application Form F17—Employers Declaration in Support of Application for Approval of Enterprise Agreement .
What the Fair Work Commission considers
To approve an enterprise agreement, the Commission must be satisfied that:
- the agreement has been made with the genuine agreement of those involved
- the agreement passes the better off overall test and does not include any unlawful terms or designated outworker terms
- the group of employees covered by the agreement was fairly chosen
- the agreement specifies a date as its nominal expiry date (not more than four years after the date of Commission approval)
- the agreement provides a dispute settlement procedure
- the agreement includes a flexibility clause and a consultation clause.
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Better off overall test
Before approving an enterprise agreement, the Commission must ensure the agreement or variation passes the better off overall test.
This test requires that each of the employees to be covered by the agreement are better off overall than under the relevant modern award.
The better off overall test is outlined in the Fair Work Act 2009 and applies to agreements made on or after 1 January 2010.
Approval of an enterprise agreement with undertakings
The Commission may approve an enterprise agreement that does not meet the requirements in the Fair Work Act 2009 if satisfied that a written undertaking meets the concern.
The Commission may only accept a written undertaking from an employer, after seeking the views of each bargaining representative and if satisfied that the effect of accepting the undertaking is not likely to:
- cause financial detriment to any employee
- result in substantial changes to the agreement.
Page updated: 11 November 2013