To end proceedings or to suspend them to another time or place.
To request that a decision of a single member of the Commission be reviewed by a Full Bench to determine if the decision made is consistent with the Fair Work Act 2009. An appeal can only be made on the grounds that an error of law or fact has been made. A person must seek the permission of the Commission to lodge an appeal by lodging a Form F7—Notice of Appeal.
Bullying at work, as defined by the Fair Work Act 2009, occurs when:
Bullying does not include reasonable management action carried out in a reasonable manner.
A formal procedure outlining the processes used, including disciplinary measures, to resolve bullying in the workplace. A policy would normally include definitions of bullying, a worker's responsibility in relation to bullying and the step by step process that should be adopted when bullying is reported.
A set of rules and responsibilities that govern an organisation. A code of conduct generally sets out appropriate and inappropriate behaviour of employees within an organisation.
Abbreviation for Fair Work Commission.
Refers to the Commonwealth government or an Australian territory.
A private proceeding conducted by a Fair Work Commission Member.
A constitutionally covered business is:
It does not include sole traders, partnerships, some state government employees, corporations whose main activity is not trading or financial.
A judgment or conclusion reached after considering the facts and law. A decision in relation to a matter before the Commission can include the names of the parties and will generally outline the basis for the application, comment on the evidence provided and include the judgment of the Commission in relation to the matter. A decision can be made by a single member or a Full Bench of the Commission. It is legally enforceable.
Instructions given to the parties by the Commission that set out a timetable in accordance with which they must file in the Commission and serve on each other an outline of submissions, witness statements and any supporting documents.
Information which tends to prove or disprove the existence of particular belief, fact or proposition. Certain evidence may or may not be accepted by the Commission, however the Commission is not bound the normal rules of evidence. Evidence is usually contained within or attached to a witness statement or provided verbally by a witness in a hearing.
The principal Commonwealth law governing Australia's workplace relations system. Go to the Fair Work Act 2009.
Australia's independent, national workplace relations tribunal, established under the Fair Work Act 2009, from July 2009 to December 2012. Fair Work Australia assumed the functions of the Australian Industrial Relations Commission, and the Australian Fair Pay Commission and the agreement-making function of the Workplace Authority. Fair Work Australia was renamed the Fair Work Commission on 1 January 2013.
A Full Bench of the Fair Work Commission is convened by the Fair Work Commission President and comprises at least three Fair Work Commission Members, one of whom must be a Deputy President. Full Benches are convened to hear appeals, matters of significant national interest and various other matters specifically provided for in the Fair Work Act 2009.
Unwanted and offensive conduct or behaviour by a person or persons directed towards another person based on an attribute such as a person’s age, gender, race, religion or a disability. Harassment can be physical or psychological.
A public proceeding conducted by a Fair Work Commission Member. A hearing is generally more formal than a conference, and may be held if the matter can't be resolved at mediation, conciliation or conference.
The scope of the Commission’s power and what the Commission can and cannot do. The power of the Commission to deal with matters is contained in legislation. The Commission can only deal with matters for which it has been given power by the Commonwealth Parliament.
An objection to an application on the basis that the Fair Work Commission does not have jurisdiction to deal with the matter. A jurisdictional objection is not simply that the respondent thinks the applicant's case has no merit.
A case or legal proceeding before the Commission.
An informal, confidential and voluntary process. It is one of the processes used by the Commission to facilitate the resolution of a grievance or a dispute between parties by helping them reach an agreement.
A person appointed by the Governor-General to decide matters at the Commission. A Member may be the President, a Vice President, a Deputy President or a Commissioner.
An entity that is not a constitutional corporation. The following are not constitutional corporations:
An order is a ruling made by a Fair Work Commission Member after he or she hears your case. Once an order has been made, anyone bound by that order must follow it.
The end result of an application made to the Commission.
A written document that clearly sets out the key elements of a case. All facts, information and evidence that you wish to bring to the attention of the Commission should be included in your outline of submissions.
An organisation in which two or more persons carry on a business together and it is not a constitutional corporation as defined.
A person or organisation involved in a matter before the Commission. A party is generally known as either an applicant or a respondent.
A person or business that has entered into a contract for services with an independent contractor.
A business owned and operated by private individuals for profit, instead of by a government or its agencies.
When persons are treated equally or fairly before the law (also known as due process). For example, procedural fairness occurs when both parties to a dispute have an opportunity to be heard or to defend themselves.
A proprietary limited company. A constitutionally covered business.
In relation to an anti-bullying application, reasonable management action is the action or behaviour of management that is considered to be carried out in a reasonable manner. Reasonable management action does not constitute workplace bullying.
Reasonable management action may include:
In each of these examples, if they are not carried out in a reasonable manner, then they could still be considered bullying.
A requirement to send a copy of a document (and all supporting documents) to another party or their representative, usually within a specified period. A person’s obligation to serve documents can be met in a number of ways. The acceptable ways in which a document can be served are listed in Parts 7 and 8 of the Fair Work Commissions Rules 2013.
An organisation in which one person is responsible for the business.
Abbreviation for work health and safety.
A body established by a state or territory government which regulates WHS laws in a particular state or territory. To find contact details for the regulator in your state or territory, go to the Enquiries page.
A person who gives evidence in relation to something they saw, heard or experienced. A witness is required to take oath or affirmation before giving evidence at a formal hearing. The witness will be examined by the party that called them and may be cross examined by the opposing party to test their evidence.
In relation to an anti-bullying application, the definition of a worker is drawn from the Work Health and Safety Act 2011. A worker can include:
Only people who are considered to be workers may apply for an order to stop bullying at work.
A place where a person performs work.
See bullying at work.
See Fair Work Act 2009 s.385, s.388(1) and the Small Business Fair Dismissal Code
In the case of dismissal by a small business employer, a person has not been unfairly dismissed if the Fair Work Commission is satisfied that the dismissal was consistent with the Small Business Fair Dismissal Code (the Code).
A person's dismissal is consistent with the Code if:
An employer is a small business employer if it employs fewer than 15 employees (by head count) at the relevant time. All employees employed by the employer at the time (including the dismissed employee, any other employees dismissed at the same time and those employed by associated entities), are to be counted. Casual employees are not counted, unless they are employed on a regular and systematic basis.
The Code states that:
It is fair to dismiss an employee without notice or warning when the employer believes on reasonable grounds that the employee's conduct is sufficiently serious to justify immediate dismissal.
The Code defines serious misconduct as including 'theft, fraud, violence and serious breaches of occupational health and safety procedures'.
The Commission does not have to make a finding, on the evidence, whether the conduct occurred. The Commission needs to find whether the employer had a reasonable belief that the conduct of the employee was serious enough to warrant immediate dismissal. It is not necessary for the Commission to determine whether the employer was correct in the belief that it held.
For an employer to believe on reasonable grounds that the conduct of the employee was serious enough to justify immediate dismissal, the employer must establish that they did in fact hold the belief that:
The employer must establish that they had reasonable grounds to hold the belief, which could be established by providing evidence of inquiries or investigations the employer undertook to establish their belief.
In non-summary dismissal cases, the employee must be warned that if there is no improvement to their conduct or capacity, they could be dismissed.
The employee must be given a reason as to why their employment is at risk and the reason must be a valid reason based on their conduct or capacity to do the job. 
The employer must give the employee an opportunity to respond to the warning and give the employee a reasonable chance to rectify the problem, having regard to the employee's response. Rectifying the problem might involve the employer providing additional training and ensuring the employee knows the employer's job expectations.
During discussions between the employer and employee about matters where dismissal is possible, the employer must allow the employee to have another person present to assist them. However, this person cannot be a lawyer acting in a professional capacity.
If an employee claims to the Commission that they have been unfairly dismissed, the employer will have to prove that they have complied with the Code.
 Khammaneechan v Nanakhon Pty Ltd ATF Nanakhon Trading Trust T/A Banana Tree Cafe  FWA 7891 (Bartel DP, 14 October 2010) at para. 60, [(2010) 204 IR 39]; cited with approval in Pinawin T/A RoseVi.Hair.Face.Body v Domingo  FWAFB 1359 (Watson VP, Richards SDP, Cloghan C, 21 March 2012) at paras 27, 29, [(2012) 219 IR 128]; Steri-Flow Filtration (Aust) Pty Ltd v Erskine  FWCFB 1943 (Acton SDP, Smith DP, Roe C, 24 April 2013).
 Pinawin T/A RoseVi.Hair.Face.Body v Domingo  FWAFB 1359 (Watson VP, Richards SDP, Cloghan C, 21 March 2012) at para. 29, [(2012) 219 IR 128];.
 Harley v Rosecrest Asset Pty Ltd T/A Can Do International  FWA 3922 (McCarthy DP, 21 June 2011) at para. 8; cited with approval in Pinawin T/A RoseVi.Hair.Face.Body v Domingo  FWAFB 1359 (Watson VP, Richards SDP, Cloghan C, 21 March 2012) at paras 28–29, [(2012) 219 IR 128].
 Harley v Rosecrest Asset Pty Ltd T/A Can Do International  FWA 3922 (McCarthy DP, 21 June 2011) at para. 9; cited with approval in Pinawin T/A RoseVi.Hair.Face.Body v Domingo  FWAFB 1359 (Watson VP, Richards SDP, Cloghan C, 21 March 2012) at paras 28–29, [(2012) 219 IR 128].