Each financial year the Commission reviews and sets minimum wages. This is the research for the Annual Wage Review 2020-21.
Fair Work Commission staff may conduct or commission research as part of the annual wage review. The research program for the Annual Wage Review 2020–21 (2020–21 Review) was finalised in a Statement on 27 November 2020 following an invitation to interested parties to submit proposals ( FWCFB 3500] at para. 474) and comment on the draft research program.
This page will be updated throughout the review.
In undertaking the research program, a Minimum Wages Research Group is consulted comprising representatives nominated by:
- Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI)
- Australian Industry Group (Ai Group)
- Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS)
- Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU)
- Australian Government
- state and territory governments.
Research published for the 2020–21 Review
In addition to research projects, a Statistical report and Research reference list are also published for annual wage reviews.
An assessment of the economic effects of COVID-19 – Version 5 (4 June 2021) - updated 11 June 2021
Professor Jeff Borland, University of Melbourne
The majority decision from the 2019–20 Review ‘found that the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has not been consistent across all sectors of the economy.’ This conclusion was supported by data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ (ABS) Weekly payroll jobs and wages in Australia among other sources. The 19 industries were presented in 3 separate clusters based on the changes in the number of payroll jobs and total wages from mid-March to late May. The research will focus on developments within these clusters since the time of the 2019–20 Review, such as changes in the labour market, business activity and the gendered effect of the pandemic. Government responses to the pandemic and their effects will also be considered.
This research will be updated throughout the 2020–21 Review.
An assessment of the economic effects of COVID-19 – Version 4 (13 May 2021)
An assessment of the economic effects of COVID-19 – Version 3 (21 April 2021)
An assessment of the economic effects of COVID-19 – Version 2 (17 February 2021)
An assessment of the economic effects of COVID-19 – Version 1 (23 December 2020)
Kelvin Yuen and Patrick Cumming
The COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent government-imposed restrictions to help contain the spread of the virus have significantly affected the labour market, with employment falling significantly between March and May 2020. As government restrictions gradually lifted, employment began to increase. This research will provide further insight into the transitions of workers during this period, by analysing those who left employment to determine the proportion that returned to work following the easing of government restrictions.
The 2019–20 Review decision referred to budget standards as one consideration when assessing the needs of the low paid, including a 2017 report by the Social Policy Research Centre at the University of New South Wales that priced budgets in 2013. It was acknowledged from the report that ‘beyond the seven-year time horizon, it is preferable to review and revise the entire budgets to ensure that items, quantities and lifetimes as well as prices are reviewed and adjusted to reflect changes in community norms and average living standards’. The Commission is exploring opportunities to review and revise the entire budgets rather than rely on updating prices using the Consumer Price Index for the Annual Wage Review 2021–22.
Accessing ABS data sources
The Commission is engaging with the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to explore opportunities to use and link various data sources to undertake research topics relevant to the minimum wages and modern awards objectives. Research proposals and expectant projects will be communicated in due course.
Research material from past annual wage reviews is available from the Annual wage reviews research page