See Fair Work Act 2009 s.386(1)(a)
The expression ‘termination at the initiative of the employer’ is a reference to a termination that is brought about by an employer and which is not agreed to by the employee.
The analysis of whether there has been a termination at the initiative of the employer for the purpose of s.386(1)(a) is to be conducted by reference to termination of the employment relationship, not by reference to the termination of the contract of employment operative immediately before the cessation of the employment.
The termination of a contract of employment does not necessarily result in the termination of the employment relationship between the parties to that contract of employment: if the parties enter, or are taken to have entered, a new contract of employment, the employment relationship continues notwithstanding the termination of a prior contract of employment.
Termination of employment may be ‘at the initiative of’ the employer even though it occurs in circumstances where the parties have agreed to a time-limited contract expiring on a specified date. The facts of a particular case may establish some decision or act on the part of the employer that brought about the end of the employment relationship (as distinct from the employment ending by effluxion of time).